留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

激光粉末床熔融增材制造高导热银-铜异种金属界面的微观组织和显微硬度研究

陈乔雨 殷杰 陈兴宇 徐海升 李正 黄田野 刘富初 关凯 朱安东 尹作为 郝亮

陈乔雨, 殷杰, 陈兴宇, 徐海升, 李正, 黄田野, 刘富初, 关凯, 朱安东, 尹作为, 郝亮. 激光粉末床熔融增材制造高导热银-铜异种金属界面的微观组织和显微硬度研究[J]. 材料开发与应用, 2024, 39(1): 1-13.
引用本文: 陈乔雨, 殷杰, 陈兴宇, 徐海升, 李正, 黄田野, 刘富初, 关凯, 朱安东, 尹作为, 郝亮. 激光粉末床熔融增材制造高导热银-铜异种金属界面的微观组织和显微硬度研究[J]. 材料开发与应用, 2024, 39(1): 1-13.
CHEN Qiaoyu, YIN Jie, CHEN Xingyu, XU Haisheng, LI Zheng, HUANG Tianye, LIU Fuchu, GUAN Kai, ZHU Andong, YIN Zuowei, HAO Liang. Microstructure and Microhardness of Interfaces of High Thermal Conductivity Ag-Cu Dissimilar Metals Fabricated by Laser Powder Bed Fusion Additive Manufacturing[J]. Development and Application of Materials, 2024, 39(1): 1-13.
Citation: CHEN Qiaoyu, YIN Jie, CHEN Xingyu, XU Haisheng, LI Zheng, HUANG Tianye, LIU Fuchu, GUAN Kai, ZHU Andong, YIN Zuowei, HAO Liang. Microstructure and Microhardness of Interfaces of High Thermal Conductivity Ag-Cu Dissimilar Metals Fabricated by Laser Powder Bed Fusion Additive Manufacturing[J]. Development and Application of Materials, 2024, 39(1): 1-13.

激光粉末床熔融增材制造高导热银-铜异种金属界面的微观组织和显微硬度研究

基金项目: 

湖北省珠宝工程技术研究中心基金(CIGTXM-03-202307)

中央高校基本科研业务费专项(2021239)。

国家自然科学基金(61805095)

装备预研教育部联合基金创新团队项目(8091B042207)

湖北省揭榜制科技项目(2021BEC010)

详细信息
    作者简介:

    陈乔雨,女,1994年生,博士研究生,主要从事增材制造与结构优化设计研究。E-mail:20121001484@cug.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    殷杰,男,1984年生,教授,博士生导师,主要从事激光先进制造/激光与物质相互作用研究。E-mail:yinjie@cug.edu.cn

    郝亮,男,1972年生,教授,博士生导师,主要从事增材制造、创新设计、穿戴大健康研究。E-mail: haoliang@cug.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TG113

Microstructure and Microhardness of Interfaces of High Thermal Conductivity Ag-Cu Dissimilar Metals Fabricated by Laser Powder Bed Fusion Additive Manufacturing

  • 摘要: 银和铜由于其优异的高导电和导热(HETC)特性,被广泛应用于智能电子、可穿戴设备、医疗等关键领域。激光粉末床熔融(LPBF)技术是一种高精度制造异种金属部件的创新技术,拓展了银-铜在新兴高科技领域的应用。本研究采用LPBF技术成功制备无宏观缺陷的Ag7.5Cu/Cu10Sn/Ag7.5Cu银-铜异种金属样件,探究了Ag7.5Cu/Cu10Sn(A/C)和Cu10Sn/Ag7.5Cu(C/A)界面的微观组织对显微硬度的影响。研究发现,高导热基底增强了A/C和C/A界面结合区的熔池流动,减少了孔隙与裂纹缺陷,提高了界面结合强度。界面结合区的梯度晶粒阻碍了微裂纹的扩展,有利于减少裂纹缺陷,晶粒的各向同性使两个界面都具有良好的宏观力学性能。A/C界面更强烈的马兰戈尼对流形成了更宽的结合区,促进了元素的广泛迁移,减少了宏观偏析,使结合区的平均硬度(183.34HV)高于C/A界面的(134.27HV)。本研究为LPBF制备HETC异种金属提供了理论指导和工艺参考。

     

  • [1] XIONG W, HAO L, PEIJS T, et al. Simultaneous strength and ductility enhancements of high thermal conductive Ag7.5Cu alloy by selective laser melting[J]. Scientific Reports, 2022, 12: 4250.
    [2] ALI A, BAHETI V, MILITKY J. Energy harvesting performance of silver electroplated fabrics[J]. Materials Chemistry and Physics, 2019, 231: 33-40.
    [3] BERNASCONI R, HART J L, LANG A C, et al. Structural properties of electrodeposited Cu-Ag alloys[J]. Electrochimica Acta, 2017, 251: 475-481.
    [4] KATO K, OMOTO H, TOMIOKA T, et al. Visible and near infrared light absorbance of Ag thin films deposited on ZnO under layers by magnetron sputtering[J]. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 2011, 95(8): 2352-2356.
    [5] SILVER S, PHUNG L T, SILVER G. Silver as bioc-ides in burn and wound dressings and bacterial resistance to silver compounds[J]. Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology, 2006, 33(7): 627-634.
    [6] FANTINO E, CHIAPPONE A, ROPPOLO I, et al. 3D printing: 3D printing of conductive complex structures with in situ generation of silver nanoparticles (adv. mater. 19/2016)[J]. Advanced Materials, 2016, 28(19): 3711.
    [7] BRADLEY D. Every silver-lined solar cell[J]. Materials Today, 2009, 12(11): 10.
    [8] YU Q Q, MENG K N, GUO J L. Research on innovative application of silver material in modern jewelry design[J]. MATEC Web of Conferences, 2018, 176: 02013.
    [9] CIACOTICH N, DIN R U, SLOTH J J, et al. An electroplated copper-silver alloy as antibacterial coating on stainless steel[J]. Surface and Coatings Technology, 2018, 345: 96-104.
    [10] LU L, SHEN Y F, CHEN X H, et al. Ultrahigh strength and high electrical conductivity in copper[J]. Science, 2004, 304(5669): 422-426.
    [11] BACHMAIER A, PFAFF M, STOLPE M, et al. Phase separation of a supersaturated nanocrystalline Cu-Co alloy and its influence on thermal stability[J]. Acta Materialia, 2015, 96: 269-283.
    [12] TUTHILL A H. Guidelines for the use of copper alloys in seawater[J]. Materials Performance, 1987, 26: 12-22.
    [13] TYLECOTE R F. A history of metallurgy[M]. 2nd ed. London: Institute of Materials, 1992.
    [14] WALSH F C, LOW C T J. A review of developments in the electrodeposition of tin-copper alloys[J]. Surface and Coatings Technology, 2016, 304: 246-262.
    [15] SINGER F, DEISENROTH D C, HYMAS D M, et al. Additively manufactured copper components and composite structures for thermal management applications[C]//201716th IEEE Intersociety Conference on Thermal and Thermomechanical Phenomena in Electronic Systems (ITherm).
    [16] BLAKEY-MILNER B, GRADL P, SNEDDEN G, et al. Metal additive manufacturing in aerospace: a review[J]. Materials & Design, 2021, 209: 110008.
    [17] 邢少华, 杨光付, 隋永强, 等. 90/10铜镍合金海水管路直流杂散电流腐蚀及控制研究[J]. 材料开发与应用, 2022, 37(4): 41-48.
    [18] WEI C, GU H, LI Q, et al. Understanding of process and material behaviours in additive manufacturing of Invar36/Cu10Sn multiple material components via laser-based powder bed fusion[J]. Additive Manufacturing, 2021, 37: 101683.
    [19] WANG D, LIU L Q, DENG G W, et al. Recent progress on additive manufacturing of multi-material structures with laser powder bed fusion[J]. Virtual and Physical Prototyping, 2022, 17(2): 329-365.
    [20] WEI C, ZHANG Z Z, CHENG D X, et al. An overview of laser-based multiple metallic material additive manufacturing: from macro- to micro-scales[J]. International Journal of Extreme Manufacturing, 2021, 3(1): 012003.
    [21] 韩茂盛, 罗皓, 刘乐乐, 等. 铜合金截止阀密封失效原因分析[J]. 材料开发与应用, 2021, 36(2): 49-54.
    [22] GU D D, MEINERS W, WISSENBACH K, et al. Laser additive manufacturing of metallic components: materials, processes and mechanisms[J]. International Materials Reviews, 2012, 57(3): 133-164.
    [23] LI Z, LI H, YIN J E, et al. A review of spatter in laser powder bed fusion additive manufacturing: in situ detection, generation, effects, and countermeasures[J]. Micromachines, 2022, 13(8): 1366.
    [24] GU D, SHI X, POPRAWE R, et al. Materialstruc-ture-performance integrated laser-metal additive manufacturing [J]. Science, 2021, 372(6545): 1487.
    [25] KUMAR CHAUHAN P, KHAN S. Microstructural examination of aluminium-copper functionally graded material developed by powder metallurgy route[J]. Materials Today: Proceedings, 2020, 25: 833-837.
    [26] SAFARI M, YAGHOOTI H, JOUDAKI J. Laser we-lding of titanium and stainless steel sheets using Ag-Cu interlayers: microstructure and mechanical characterization[J]. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 2021, 117(9-10): 3063-3073.
    [27] Soderhjelm C. Multi-Material Metal Casting: Metallurgically Bonding Aluminum to Ferrous Inserts [J]. 2017.
    [28] MOUSAVI Z, POURABDOLI M. Physical and chemical properties of Ag–Cu composite electrical contacts prepared by cold-press and sintering of silver-coated copper powder[J]. Materials Chemistry and Physics, 2022, 290: 126608.
    [29] SCUDINO S, UNTERDÖRFER C, PRASHANTH K G, et al. Additive manufacturing of Cu-10Sn bronze[J]. Materials Letters, 2015, 156: 202-204.
    [30] 顾瑞楠, WONG Kam Sing, 严明. 金、银、铜等典型高反射率材料的激光增材制造[J]. 中国科学: 物理学力学天文学, 2020, 50(3): 44-57.
    [31] 朱勇强, 杨永强, 王迪, 等. 纯铜/铜合金高反射材料粉末床激光熔融技术进展[J]. 材料工程, 2022, 50(6): 1-11.
    [32] 顾冬冬, 戴冬华, 夏木建, 等. 金属构件选区激光熔化增材制造控形与控性的跨尺度物理学机制[J]. 南京航空航天大学学报, 2017, 49(5): 645-652.
    [33] KLOTZ U E, TIBERTO D, HELD F. Optimization of 18-karat yellow gold alloys for the additive manufacturing of jewelry and watch parts[J]. Gold Bulletin, 2017, 50(2): 111-121.
    [34] XIONG W, HAO L, LI Y, et al. Effect of selective laser melting parameters on morphology, microstructure, densification and mechanical properties of supersaturated silver alloy[J]. Materials & Design, 2019, 170: 107697.
    [35] WANG J B, ZHOU X L, LI J H, et al. Microstructures and properties of SLM-manufactured Cu-15Ni-8Sn alloy[J]. Additive Manufacturing, 2020, 31: 100921.
    [36] LIU L Q, WANG D, DENG G W, et al. Interfacial characteristics and formation mechanisms of copper-steel multimaterial structures fabricated via laser powder bed fusion using different building strategies[J]. Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering: Additive Manufacturing Frontiers, 2022, 1(3): 100045.
    [37] ZHANG M K, YANG Y Q, WANG D, et al. Microstructure and mechanical properties of CuSn/18Ni300 bimetallic porous structures manufactured by selective laser melting[J]. Materials & Design, 2019, 165: 107583.
    [38] WEI C, LIU L C, CAO H T, et al. Cu10Sn to Ti6Al4V bonding mechanisms in laser-based powder bed fusion multiple material additive manufacturing with different build strategies[J]. Additive Manufacturing, 2022, 51: 102588.
    [39] SING S L, LAM L P, ZHANG D Q, et al. Interfacial characterization of SLM parts in multi-material processing: Intermetallic phase formation between AlSi10Mg and C18400 copper alloy[J]. Materials Characterization, 2015, 107: 220-227.
    [40] CHEN Q Y, JING Y B, YIN J E, et al. High reflectivity and thermal conductivity Ag–Cu multi-material structures fabricated via laser powder bed fusion: formation mechanisms, interfacial characteristics, and molten pool behavior[J]. Micromachines, 2023, 14(2): 362.
    [41] WEI C, LIU L C, GU Y C, et al. Multi-material additive-manufacturing of tungsten - copper alloy bimetallic structure with a stainless-steel interlayer and associated bonding mechanisms[J]. Additive Manufacturing, 2022, 50: 102574.
    [42] WU X P, ZHANG D Y, YI D H, et al. Interfacial characterization and reaction mechanism of Ti/Al multi-material structure during laser powder bed fusion process[J]. Materials Characterization, 2022, 192: 112195.
    [43] SINGH S P, AGGARWAL A, UPADHYAY R K, et al. Processing of IN718-SS316L bimetallic-structure using laser powder bed fusion technique[J]. Materials and Manufacturing Processes, 2021, 36(9): 1028-1039.
    [44] ATTAR H, BÖNISCH M, CALIN M, et al. Selective laser melting of in situ titanium-titanium boride composites: processing, microstructure and mechanical properties[J]. Acta Materialia, 2014, 76: 13-22.
    [45] CAIAZZO F, ALFIERI V, CASALINO G. On the relevance of volumetric energy density in the investigation of inconel 718 laser powder bed fusion[J]. Materials, 2020, 13(3): 538.
    [46] SHI Q M, ZHONG G Y, SUN Y, et al. Effects of laser melting+remelting on interfacial macrosegregation and resulting microstructure and microhardness of laser additive manufactured H13/IN625 bimetals[J]. Journal of Manufacturing Processes, 2021, 71: 345-355.
    [47] TAN C L, ZHOU K S, MA W Y, et al. Interfacial characteristic and mechanical performance of maraging steel-copper functional bimetal produced by selective laser melting based hybrid manufacture[J]. Materials & Design, 2018, 155: 77-85.
    [48] SUBRAMANIAN P R, PEREPEZKO J H. The Ag-Cu(silver-copper) system[J]. Journal of Phase Equilibria, 1993, 14(1): 62-75.
    [49] ZWEBEN C. 4.16 metal matrix composite thermal management materials[J].Comprehensive Composite Materials II, 2018, 4:386-396.
    [50] MERCELIS P, KRUTH J P. Residual stresses in selective laser sintering and selective laser melting [J]. Rapid prototyping journal, 2006, 12(5): 254-65.
    [51] REN Z S, GAO L, CLARK S J, et al. Machine learning-aided real-time detection of keyhole pore generation in laser powder bed fusion[J]. Science, 2023, 379(6627): 89-94.
    [52] TANG M, PISTORIUS P C, BEUTH J L. Prediction of lack-of-fusion porosity for powder bed fusion[J]. Additive Manufacturing, 2017, 14: 39-48.
    [53] YIN J, ZHANG W Q, KE L D, et al. Vaporization of alloying elements and explosion behavior during laser powder bed fusion of Cu-10Zn alloy[J]. International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, 2021, 161: 103686.
    [54] QI T, ZHU H H, ZHANG H, et al. Selective laser melting of Al7050 powder: melting mode transition and comparison of the characteristics between the keyhole and conduction mode[J]. Materials & Design, 2017, 135: 257-266.
    [55] 殷杰, 郝亮, 杨亮亮, 等. 激光选区熔化增材制造中金属蒸气与飞溅相互作用研究[J]. 中国激光, 2022, 49(14): 108-119.
    [56] BAI Y C, ZHANG J Y, ZHAO C L, et al. Dual interfacial characterization and property in multi-material selective laser melting of 316L stainless steel and C52400 copper alloy[J]. Materials Characterization, 2020, 167: 110489.
    [57] QIN H, DONG Q S, FALLAH V, et al. Rapid solidification and non-equilibrium phase constitution in laser powder bed fusion (LPBF) of AlSi10Mg alloy: analysis of nano-precipitates, eutectic phases, and hardness evolution[J]. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 2020, 51(1): 448-466.
    [58] ARAFUNE K, HIRATA A. Thermal and solutal Marangoni convection in In-Ga-Sb system[J]. Journal of Crystal Growth, 1999, 197(4): 811-817.
    [59] TAN C L, ZHOU K S, MA W Y, et al. Microstructural evolution, nanoprecipitation behavior and mechanical properties of selective laser melted high-performance grade 300 maraging steel[J]. Materials & Design, 2017, 134: 23-34.
    [60] CALLISTER W D. Materials science and engineering: an introduction[M]. 7th ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2007.
    [61] YAO C Z, WANG Z C, TAY S L, et al. Effects of Mg on microstructure and corrosion properties of Zn-Mg alloy[J]. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 2014, 602: 101-107.
    [62] ZENG C Y, ZHANG B, HEMMASIAN ETTEFAGH A, et al. Mechanical, thermal, and corrosion properties of Cu-10Sn alloy prepared by laser-powder-bedfusion additive manufacturing[J]. Additive Manufacturing, 2020, 35: 101411.
    [63] ZHOU L B, YUAN T C, LI R D, et al. Selective laser melting of pure tantalum: Densification, microstructure and mechanical behaviors[J]. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 2017, 707: 443-451.
    [64] CHEN J, YANG Y Q, WANG D, et al. Effect of manufacturing steps on the interfacial defects of laser powder bed fusion 316L/CuSn10[J]. Materials Letters, 2021, 292: 129377.
    [65] LIU Y J, LIU Z, JIANG Y, et al. Gradient in microstructure and mechanical property of selective laser melted AlSi10Mg[J]. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 2018, 735: 1414-1421.
    [66] ZHU X, ZHU Z G, LIU T T, et al. Crack-free and high-strength AA2024 alloy obtained by additive manufacturing with controlled columnar-equiaxed-transition[J]. Journal of Materials Science & Technology, 2023, 156: 183-196.
    [67] NARAYANA SAMY V P, SCHÄFLE M, BRASCHE F, et al. Understanding the mechanism of columnar-to-equiaxed transition and grain refinement in additively manufactured steel during laser powder bed fusion[J]. Additive Manufacturing, 2023, 73: 103702.
    [68] ZHANG D Y, QIU D, GIBSON M A, et al. Additive manufacturing of ultrafine-grained high-strength titanium alloys[J]. Nature, 2019, 576(7785): 91-95.
    [69] VIKRAM R J, KOLLO L, PRASHANTH K G, et al. Investigating the structure, microstructure, and texture in selective laser-melted sterling silver 925[J]. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 2021, 52(12): 5329-5341.
    [70] ATTAR H, PRASHANTH K G, CHAUBEY A K, et al. Comparison of wear properties of commercially pure titanium prepared by selective laser melting and casting processes[J]. Materials Letters, 2015, 142: 38-41.
    [71] ATTAR H, EHTEMAM-HAGHIGHI S, KENT D, et al. Nanoindentation and wear properties of Ti and Ti-TiB composite materials produced by selective laser melting[J]. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 2017, 688: 20-26.
    [72] ZAFARI A, LUI E W, XIA K N. Deformationfree geometric recrystallisation in a metastable β-Ti alloy produced by selective laser melting[J]. Materials Research Letters, 2020, 8(3): 117-122.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  168
  • HTML全文浏览量:  14
  • PDF下载量:  53
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-11-20

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回